Which Vitamins &
Minerals Concern

3.1 Selection of vitamins and minerals
3.1.1. Vitamin and mineral food supplements should contain vitamins/provitamins and minerals whose nutritional value for human beings has been proven by scientific data and whose status as vitamins and minerals is recognized by FAO and WHO.

This segment of the Guidelines appears to indicate that only FAO/WHO recognized vitamins and minerals will be considered valid. Some view this as a potential threat for creation of a “positive list,” such as what is in the European Union Food Supplement Directive.

The WHO website has posted Establishing human nutrient requirements for worldwide application (2003) which lists the following what might be an indication of what the WHO recognizes as needed for human nutrition:
* Trace elements in human nutrition and health (WHO/FAO/IAEA), WHO, Geneva 1996
* Fats and oils in human nutrition (FAO/WHO), FAO, Rome 1994
* Preparation and use of food-based dietary guidelines (WHO/FAO), WHO, Geneva 1996
* Carbohydrates in human nutrition (FAO/WHO), FAO, Rome 1998
* WHO and FAO joint expert consultation in Bangkok (September 1998) – “The scope of the expert consultation, and the subsequent recommended nutrient requirements, included over twenty essential nutrients. These nutrients comprise the basis of all human nutrition: protein, energy, vitamin A and carotene, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B12, folate, vitamin C, antioxidants, calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, magnesium and iodine.”

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This Codex section was restructured in June 2005. This specific page was last updated September 2014.

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