Risk Assessment

3.2 Contents of vitamins and minerals
3.2.2 Maximum amounts of vitamins and minerals in vitamin and mineral food supplements per daily portion of consumption as recommended by the manufacturer shall be set, taking the following criteria into account:

(a) upper safe levels of vitamins and mineral established by scientific risk assessment based on generally accepted scientific data, taking into consideration, as appropriate, the varying degrees of sensitivity of different consumer groups;

(b) the daily intake of vitamins and minerals from other dietary sources.

When the maximum levels are set, due account may be taken of the reference intake values of vitamins and minerals for the population. This provision should not lead to setting of maximum levels that are solely based on recommended nutritient intakes (e.g. Population Reference Intake or Recommended Daily Allowance values).

FAO/WHO Nutrient risk assessment project in process of defining a scientically-based risk assessment model for nutrients and related substances.

A number of organizations submitted their recommendations to the expert panel selected – Comments Received

While the panel met in May, 2005, no report has been issued.

Food Supplements: German Risk Institute Takes Dim View

Safety of Dietary Supplements states, “Its fascinating how when there is one suspected adverse reaction to a dietary supplement it makes the headlines, and yet officials and the media are oblivious to the plethora of deaths due to properly regulated, properly prescribed and properly used drugs – not to mention avoidable deaths due to medical misadventure. This graph highlights the relative safety of dietary supplements compared to many other causes of death.”

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This Codex section was restructured in June 2005. This specific page was last updated September 2014.

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